Surgery for fistula in ano(Fistulotomy) is a surgical procedure used to treat ‘fistula’. A fistula occurs when two organs or vessels form abnormal connections, which are otherwise not connected.
Fistula may occur in the following regions:
This includes vagina called vesicovaginal fistula, where there is hole between the vagina and bladder. urethrovaginal fistula where a hole is formed between the vagina urethra.
There are 3 types of anal fistulas:
Anorectal fistula: it forms between anal canal and skin surrounding the anal opening.
Rectovaginal fistula: in this a hole develops between vagina and the rectum.
Colovaginal fistula: in this type a connection occurs between the colon and vagina.
This is an outpatient procedure that lasts for an hour and the patient is discharged after it. Mostly local anesthesia is used if the fistula is small and general anesthesia is used if the fistula is a little big.
During the procedure the surgeon cuts open the abnormal connection between two organs by making an incision. The bleeding is contained and slowly the fistula is separated and removed.
The procedure is minor and can be addressed by the doctor instantly.
The recovery takes up to 12 weeks depending upon the type of fistula.
The doctor will advise bed rest for 24 hours after the surgery.
During the recovery process any kind of strenuous activity like heavy lifting and jarring movements should be avoided.
There might be some cramping post the surgery which will go away in a day or two.
Nausea felt by the patient immediately after the surgery is due to the anesthesia.
The patient might also feel constipated after surgery in such a case he/she can ask doctors for remedial medicines.
In case of bleeding, urination related issues, fever and pus formation in the incisional region it is better to get in touch with the doctor.