Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding or LAGB as it is called is primarily bariatric surgery. It’s carried out like any other Laparoscopic surgery by making small incisions. The surgeon puts a small adjustable band around the upper part of the stomach which makes the stomach pouch smaller, as a result of which the consumption of food goes down and in turn results in weight loss.
People with obesity issues, abnormal weight gain, with BMI over 40 need this procedure in order to manage their weight.
The procedure takes around 30 to 60 mins and is carried out under the influence of anesthesia. Small incisions are made in the upper abdomen area and the surgeon inserts a Laparoscope (Laparoscope is a small tube with camera at the end of the tube) once the surgeon gets a proper visual of the stomach, other surgical instruments are inserted through the incisions and an adjustable band is put around the upper stomach pouch.
If the patient is taking any other medications like blood thinners, diabetic medicines etc, the doctor will ask them to avoid taking them before the surgery. If the patient has the habit of smoking or consuming tobacco in any other form then he or she would be advised to give it up as the consumption of tobacco would hamper the recovery process post the surgery.