It is a surgical procedure to remove an organ in the abdomen area called gallbladder.
Gallbladder is a small organ on the right side of your upper abdomen that secretes a liquid called ‘Bile’ that is required to breakdown food by the body.
A common condition noticed among individuals above the age of 40 is the formation of stones in the gallbladder, these small stones are formed due to deposits over a long period of time; it is a very common condition and can be treated.
If these is stones are left untreated for a long time they might get into the bile duct and cause further complications that needs to be avoided.
A very common symptom of Gallstones that is noticed among the patients is severe pain in the abdomen.
Patients also have nausea and vomiting and indigestion.
If the stones block the bile duct they might also suffer from jaundice and in some cases with fever as well.
When the patients complain about the pain in the abdomen and have the symptoms mentioned above the doctors usually ask for the patient to get an ultrasound or a CT scan.
In some cases they might also ask the patient to get a HIDA scan.
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Smaller incisions which are less than 1inch long are made to remove the gallbladder which is better than open surgery.
The recovery time is faster compared to the open surgery. And the pain is very less when compared to open surgery.
A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is suitable for the patient if the gallbladder complications are severe in nature.
And if one has already had an upper abdomen surgery.
The doctor will recommend a complete physical examination in order to check if the patient is healthy enough for the surgery.
On the day of the surgery the doctor will recommend the patient to stop eating and consuming liquids few hours before the operation.
If the patient is taking supplements, blood thinners and medications for any other medical conditions they will be asked to not take it before the procedure.
A general anesthesia will be administered to the patient and as a result he/she will be asleep during the surgery.
Once the patient is asleep the process begins by making incisions near the belly button and a small device is inserted which is called a port; it creates an opening that will used be filled with gas (carbon di oxide) in the abdomen region.
Then a small camera is inserted through a port in order to the see the organs properly, once proper visibility is achieved more ports are inserted through which instruments go through and the gallbladder is removed. And openings are closed to through surgical glue or dissolvable stitches. The process might take 2 to 3 hours.
The recovery period is 2 to 3 weeks, one might experience in the shoulders after the surgery that is because of the gas pumped in during the process, and this will go away within few hours.
Patients will be prescribed pain killers and will be monitored by the doctor for 2 to 3 weeks with regular appointments. It is one of the safest procedures with minimal risk factor involved.